Lloyd Takao, MD, is a family physician in Orinda, California. He provides a hands-on approach to his patients, taking advice calls seven days a week and administering his own shots and procedures. As part of his practice, Lloyd Takao, MD, is well versed in caring for infants and young children.
A concussion is a closed head injury typically caused by a strong blow to the head, a fall, or hard shaking. When a child experiences a concussion, symptoms can vary from vision problems to loss of consciousness. Many of the effects are temporary and go away with time, but sometimes they can be more severe.
When a head injury happens–and for a few week afterwards–signs to watch for include slurred or confused speech, lethargic behavior, vision problems, balance issues, vomiting, and pupils that are unequally dilated. For infants who aren’t talking or walking yet, check the soft spots on the skull for bumps. Trouble feeding and very high-pitched cries are also indicators of a concussion.
If any of these symptoms are present or if you are worried about the seriousness of the head injury in any way, call your pediatrician as soon as possible. Should the child lose consciousness, go directly to the emergency room. If the loss of consciousness is accompanied by convulsions and/or irregular breathing, call 911 and do not move the child unless he or she is in danger of further injury.